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Political Science

Political Science » Mains Syllabus

PAPER-I

Political Theory and Indian Politics



1. Political theory
Meaning and Approaches

2. Theories of the state:
Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.

3. Justice:
Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.

4. Equality:
Social, political and economic relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.

5. Rights:
Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.

6. Democracy:
Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.

7. Concept of power hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.

8. Political Ideologies:
Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.

9. Indian Political Thought:
Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, S r i Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar,M.N. Roy .

10. Western Political Thought:
Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.




Indian Government and politics

1.Indian Nationalism:
a. Political Strategies of India’s Freedom struggle: constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
b. Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
2. Making of the Indian Constitution:
Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.

3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution:
The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.



4. Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
5. Grassroots Democracy:
Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.

6. Statutory Institutions/Commissions:
Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Comission for scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.

7. Federalism:
Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.

8. Planning and Economic Development:
Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.

9. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.

10. Party System:
National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.

11. Social Movements:
Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements

PAPER-II

Comparative Politics and International Relations

Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:



1. Comparative Politics:
Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.

2. State in comparative perspective:
Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.

3. Politics of Representation and Participation:
Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.

4. Globalisation:
Responses from developed and developing societies.

5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations:
Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.

6. Key concepts in International Relations:
National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.

7. Changing International Political Order:
a. Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
b. Non-al igned movement : Aims and achievements;
c. Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
8. Evolution of the International Economic System:
From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.

9. United Nations:
Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.

10. Regionalisation of World Politics:
EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.

11. Contemporary Global Concerns:
Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.

India and the World:

1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.

2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role

3. India and South Asia:
a. Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.
b. South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
c. India’s “Look East” policy.
d. Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.

4. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.

5. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.

6. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.

7. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.

8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.

May 17, 2016

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