Nearly 55% of the population is engaged in agriculture and allied activities (census 2011) and it contributes 17.4% to the country’s Gross Value Added(GVA).
The government of India approved the National Policy for Farmers (NPF) in 2007.
It include asset reforms in respect of
- Land, water, livestock, fisheries, and bio-resources;
- Support services and inputs like application of frontier technologies;
- Agricultural biosecurity systems;
- Supply of good quality seeds and disease-free planting material, improving soil fertility and health, and integrated pest management systems;
- Support services for women like crèches, child care centres, nutrition, health and training;
- Timely, adequate, and easy reach of institutional credit at reasonable interest rates, and farmer-friendly insurance instruments;
- Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and setting up of farmers’ schools to revitalize agricultural extension;
- Effective implementation of MSP across the country, development of agricultural market infrastructure, and rural non-farm employment initiatives for farm households;
- Integrated approach for rural energy, etc.
Many of the provisions of the NPF are being operationalised through various schemes and programmes which are being implemented by different central government departments and ministries. For the operationalisation of the remaining provisions of the Policy, an Action Plan has been finalized and circulated to the ministries and department concerned, as well as to all states and UTs for necessary follow-up action. An inter-ministerial committee has also been constituted to monitor the progress of the Plan of Action for the operationalisation of the NPF.
Har Khet ko Pani “Prime Minister Krishi Sinchayee Yojana”
Implementation Time Period: 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20).
- To achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level,
- Expand the cultivable area under irrigation,
- Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water,
- Enhance the adoption of precision irrigation and other water-saving technologies (more crop per drop),
- Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc.
PMKSY has been formulated amalgamating ongoing schemes viz.
- Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources,
- River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR),
- Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR) and
- The On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
|Sl. No.||Components||Illustrative Activities|
|1.||AIBP by MoWR,RD &GR||
|2.||PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani) by MoWR,RD &GR||
|3.||PMKSY (Watershed) by Dept. of Land Resources, MoRD||
|4.||PMKSY(Per drop more crop) by Dept. of Agriculture & Cooperation, MoA||