Agriculture

Nearly 55% of the population is engaged in agriculture and allied activities (census 2011) and it contributes 17.4% to the country’s Gross Value Added(GVA).

The government of India approved the National Policy for Farmers (NPF) in 2007.

It include asset reforms in respect of

  • Land, water, livestock, fisheries, and bio-resources;
  • Support services and inputs like application of frontier technologies;
  • Agricultural biosecurity systems;
  • Supply of good quality seeds and disease-free planting material, improving soil fertility and health, and integrated pest management systems;
  • Support services for women like crèches, child care centres, nutrition, health and training;
  • Timely, adequate, and easy reach of institutional credit at reasonable interest rates, and farmer-friendly insurance instruments;
  • Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and setting up of farmers’ schools to revitalize agricultural extension;
  • Effective implementation of MSP across the country, development of agricultural market infrastructure, and rural non-farm employment initiatives for farm households;
  • Integrated approach for rural energy, etc.

Many of the provisions of the NPF are being operationalised through various schemes and programmes which are being implemented by different central government departments and ministries. For the operationalisation of the remaining provisions of the Policy, an Action Plan has been finalized and circulated to the ministries and department concerned, as well as to all states and UTs for necessary follow-up action. An inter-ministerial committee has also been constituted to monitor the progress of the Plan of Action for the operationalisation of the NPF.

Har Khet ko Pani “Prime Minister Krishi Sinchayee Yojana”

Implementation Time Period: 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20).

Objectives:

  • To achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level,
  • Expand the cultivable area under irrigation,
  • Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water,
  • Enhance the adoption of precision irrigation and other water-saving technologies (more crop per drop),
  • Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc.

PMKSY has been formulated amalgamating ongoing schemes viz.

  • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources,
  • River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR),
  • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR) and
  • The On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
Sl. No. Components Illustrative Activities
1. AIBP by MoWR,RD &GR
  • To focus on faster completion of ongoing Major and Medium Irrigation including National Projects.
2. PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani) by MoWR,RD &GR
  • Creation of new water sources through Minor Irrigation (both surface and ground water)
  • Repair, restoration and renovation of water bodies; strengthening carrying capacity of traditional water sources, construction rain water harvesting structures (Jal Sanchay);
  • Command area development, strengthening and creation of distribution network from source to the farm;
  • Improvement in water management and distribution system for water bodies to take advantage of the available source which is not tapped to its fullest capacity (deriving benefits from low hanging fruits). At least 10% of the command area to be covered under micro/precision irrigation.
  • Diversion of water from source of different location where it is plenty to nearby water scarce areas, lift irrigation from water bodies/rivers at lower elevation to supplement requirements beyond IWMP and MGNREGS irrespective of irrigation command.
  • Creation and rejuvenation of traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat); Khatri, Kuhl (H.P.); Zabo (Nagaland); Eri, Ooranis (T.N.); Dongs (Assam); Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M.P.) etc. at feasible locations.
3. PMKSY (Watershed) by Dept. of Land Resources, MoRD
  • Water harvesting structures such as check dams, nala bund, farm ponds, tanks etc.
  • Capacity building, entry point activities, ridge area treatment, drainage line treatment, soil and moisture conservation, nursery raising, afforestation, horticulture, pasture development, livelihood activities for the asset-less persons and production system & micro enterprises for small and marginal farmers etc.
  • Effective rainfall management like field bunding, contour bunding/trenching, staggered trenching, land levelling, mulching etc.
4. PMKSY(Per drop more crop) by Dept. of Agriculture & Cooperation, MoA
  • Programme management, preparation of State/District Irrigation Plan, approval of annual action plan, Monitoring etc.
  • Promoting efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm (Jal Sinchan);
  • Topping up of input cost particularly under civil construction beyond permissible limit (40%), under MGNREGS for activities like lining inlet, outlet, silt traps, distribution system etc.
  • Construction of micro irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities including tube wells and dug wells (in areas where ground water is available and not under semi critical /critical /over exploited category of development) which are not supported under PMKSY (WR), PMKSY (Watershed) and MGNREGS.
  • Secondary storage structures at tail end of canal system to store water when available in abundance (rainy season) or from perennial sources like streams for use during dry periods through effective on-farm water management;
  • Water lifting devices like diesel/ electric/ solar pumpsets including water carriage pipes.
  • Extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures including cropping alignment to maximise use of available water including rainfall and minimise irrigation requirement (Jal sarankchan);
  • Capacity building, training for encouraging potential use water source through technological, agronomic and management practices including community irrigation.
  • Awareness campaign on water saving technologies, practices, programmes etc., organisation of workshops, conferences, publication of booklets, pamphlets, success stories, documentary, advertisements etc.
  • Improved/innovative distribution system like pipe and box outlet system with controlled outlet and other activities of enhancing water use efficiency.

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